All you need to know about anxiety and how you can take care of your mental health what NHS says

Anxiety, all you need to know

Anxiety is a feeling of worry or fear about things that are about to happen or which we think could happen in the future. These feelings can be mild or severe. Everyone experiences anxiety to some extent in their lives and this is fairly normal such as feeling anxious for a job interview. But some people find it very difficult to control these worries and fears affecting their day-to-day life.

There are different types of anxiety disorders as listed below:

  • Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) – here you are constantly worrying about many different things in your life.
  • Panic disorder – regular or frequent panic attacks without a clear cause.
  • Social disorder – extreme fear or anxiety triggered by social situations.
  • Phobias – extreme fear or anxiety triggered by a particular situation.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – is caused by going through something you found traumatic.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – repetitive thoughts, behaviours, or urges.
  • Health anxiety – this means you experience obsessions and compulsions relating to illness, including researching symptoms or checking to see if you have them.
  • Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) – obsessions and compulsions relating to your physical appearance.
  • Perinatal anxiety or perinatal OCD – problems during pregnancy or in the first year after giving birth.

What causes anxiety?

It is difficult to know what causes anxiety as everyone’s experience is different. However, the following may increase the chances:

  • Past or childhood experiences
  • Current life situation
  • Physical and mental health issues
  • Drugs and medication

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms can vary from person to person and can include but are not limited to the following:

  • Light-headed, nausea or dizzy
  • Pins and needles
  • A churning feeling in your stomach
  • Feeling restless or unable to sit still
  • Headaches, backache or other aches and pains
  • Faster breathing
  • A fast, thumping or irregular heartbeat
  • Sweating or hot flushes
  • Difficulty in going to sleep
  • Panic attacks

Self-help tips

The following tips can help reduce your anxiety:

  • Talking to someone you trust such as family and friends or even helplines such as Anxiety Uk and Mind
  • Writing down your worries
  • Get enough sleep
  • Exercise
  • Try breathing exercises
  • Complementary and alternative therapies such as yoga, meditation or massage

What Treatment options are available

There are various treatment options available for anxiety such as the following:

  • Self-help resources such as Online cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programmes or workbooks
  • Talking therapies is also available such as Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
  • Medication such as a type of antidepressant called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

For more information about the above, you can see your doctor or visit the NHS website

If you, or someone you know, is experiencing anxiety, you can chat with our friendly pharmacy team who will be happy to provide you with medical advice and guidance on the different treatment options that may be available to you. Live Chat Here

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